Over Capacity? photo by Tony Alter (Flickr)
Capacity planning is not a black art. But when it comes to sites doing a scheduled flash sale or a person with a large number of social media followers (over 1mil) it can get ugly fast! I witnessed this today for a site that was opening up new memberships at a specific time. Their site runs on Magento and that is about all I know since they are not a client. To not help matters they were also using Cloudflare which just showed their own error message.
So how can this be prevented?
Magento and most LAMP applications like WordPress are known for not scaling very well. You have to leverage caching and CDNs along with using the correct config files such as my.cnf (MySQL) to optimize performance. Using default configurations will NOT do you any favors!
If using Amazon Web Services (AWS) you should be leveraging:
- RDS Cluster (MySQL)
- ElastiCache (memcached)
- Correct EC2 Sizing
- Elastic Load Balancers (ELB)
- CloudFront (CDN)
Getting back to the example that inspired to me write this. During the first hour the complaints on their Instagram were quick and heavy. Users even taking pictures of the Cloudflare error page and posted those in frustration. Needless to say it is not the best PR after building up to an event and getting more interest than you saw coming. After two hours they gave up and posted a page to postpone their event. With correct capacity planning and configuration of Magento this could have gone much better!
If you’d like help scaling your site please feel free to contact me or visit my company site – http://tarnover.com
Many people seem to think that hosting a Tor hidden service is a complex or daunting task. But with Docker you can do it easily and reliably. In this example we will setup a dedicated hidden service (a hidden site in this instance).
First we’ll assume you have docker running on the computer you want to host the hidden service.
In this example we’ll make a directory to contain the configs for the hidden service so we will have the same .onion address. You may want to not mount this in order to get a new address every time you start the container depending on your use case. But here we’ll store it so we can maintain the same address over restarts.
We’ll also start Nginx to host the example site.
First start the Nginx container:
docker run -d --name hsnginx -v /home/username/hiddenservice/www/:/usr/share/nginx/html:ro -d nginx
Here you are telling Docker to run as a daemon with HTML files located in www directory of hiddenservice directory of username. Here we name it hsnginx to use with linking the hidden service container itself.
Now start the hidden service container:
docker run -ti --link hsnginx -v /home/username/hiddenservice/config/:/var/lib/tor/hidden_service/ -d goldy/tor-hidden-service
This starts Tor and serving the hidden service provided by linking to hsnginx. To see the .onion name of your service look in /home/username/hiddenservice/config/ for the hostname file under hsnginx.
You now have a hidden service running Nginx. You can also use Apache or WordPress or any other initial container.
DISCLAIMER: I have only tested this on an Ubuntu Linux server and can not guarantee that your hidden service running in this manner will or will not leak information that might help to identify who is hosting it. Please do your own due diligence if wanting to use Docker to host a hidden service that needs complete anonymity. If you were to use Docker containers to host your hidden service you would most likely also want to add a restart policy to the run command. Use at your own risk.
In today’s world where we post pictures of ourselves and pretty much everything around us there is the known risk of people being able to track you by the EXIF data with GeoTagging. But now a picture’s location can be determined by purely the image itself. No metadata needed.
There are many other things that can be a bad idea to take pictures of in your daily life. Namely, make sure you do not go on a live cam or take a picture with identifying information about you in it. Something such as a credit card could leave you exposed to a lot of grief.
NEVER have your keys of any kind in pictures since they are easily duplicated from an image.
It may also be a bad idea to have your fingerprints in high-res images. No one has come out admitting to the technology but the same that applies to facial recognition could soon, if not already identify you even more than just the facial recognition. Some “hackers” have shown it possible in a very time consuming manner but it is a proof of concept that is over a year old. By taking a “selfie” today you may be adding yourself to a massive database tomorrow. The technology is already being used widely.
Your image could be posted in many cases with no knowledge that a photo was even taken by you. I have seen myself in photos on Yelp where I happened to be in the restaurant when some stranger was taking a picture to post with their review. So at the time without my even knowing I was geotagged there. So between my own posting of images, strangers, public/private video cameras and the information my phone may leak I can go back in time and track my own movements.